Ekphrastic poetry is a written expression of a visual form of art. In ancient Greece, they use the ekphrasis technique to write about or verbalize momentous events, history, or a work of art. Because ekphrastic poems are a way to creatively articulate art or significant scenes or events, this poem type is usually imaginative, vivid, and quite dramatic.
A tanka is a short Japanese free verse consisting of 31 syllables. While they don’t necessarily rhyme, tankas follow a specific syllable pattern. Tanka literally means “short poem or song”, with themes that are usually about nature, seasons, and desires. Hence, tankas tend to evoke strong and powerful imagery.
Free verse poetry is a type of poem that doesn’t follow a regular meter or rhyme scheme. In essence, they provide some leeway for poets who don’t want to follow strict poetry rules. Free verse poems don’t necessarily lack structure, although unmetered. This poem type gained prominence in the 19th century.