Roundel Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Roundel Poem Type

The roundel introduced by Algernon Charles Swinburne is an English variation of the French rondeau, joining a lengthy list of the form’s descendants. In practice, it’s essentially a shortened version of the rondeau, retaining the traditional refrains and two-sound rhyme scheme.

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Vocabularycleft Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Vocabularycleft Poem Type

Vocabularycleft poems are a type of found poetry proposed by Howard Bergerson in 1969. They’re made by scrambling the words from a preexisting poem into a list and then using them to create a new poem. Functionally, they’re similar in nature to a collage. The form’s main exposure was in issues of Word Ways.

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Waltmarie Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Waltmarie Poem Type

The Waltmarie is a simple poetic form that utilizes ten lines with exactly two syllables on each even-numbered line, but no restrictions on the odd lines. The even-numbered lines are expected to form a separate poem when read alone, effectively hiding a bonus poem in plain sight for those familiar with the form.

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Tricube Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Tricube Poem Type

The tricube is a poem that nearly explains itself in the name. It consists of three stanzas that each contain three trisyllabic lines. The poem’s structure is literally 3x3x3 or “three cubed.” The form was introduced by American poet Phillip Larrea and already has a cult following.

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Terzanelle Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Terzanelle Poem Type

The terzanelle is a hybrid of the villanelle and terza rima verse forms, first created by American formalist poet Lewis Turco. While its heavy use of refrains and physical structure chiefly resemble the villanelle, it takes on some of the freedom and identity of the terza rima, including interlocked rhyme sounds.

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Sedoka Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Sedoka Poem Type

Sedoka is a Japanese poem form consisting of two tercets that each have a 5-7-7 or sometimes 5-7-5 syllable structure. There’s quite a bit of disagreement among western sources as to what theming the poem is intended to have, but natural imagery and a concept of reflective thinking do seem to appear consistently.

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Roundelay Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Roundelay Poem Type

The English roundelay is a stanzaic verse form that uses rhymed sixains and extensively employs refrain, almost to the exclusion of any unrepeated lines. Roundelay can otherwise refer to a short simple song that employs refrains and neither should be confused with the unrelated American “rondelay” poem form.

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Rondine Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Rondine Poem Type

The rondine is a French verse form from around the 16th century that traces its roots to the rondeau, joining a prestigious family of forms that are united by difficult rhyme schemes and heavy use of refrains. The rondine, for its part, is effectively just a shorter rondeau, at 12 lines instead of the usual 15.

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Rondeau Redouble Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Rondeau Redouble Poem Type

The rondeau redouble is essentially a challenging “super rondeau” that extends the form out to 25 lines instead of 15. That, while also demands a tighter structure focused around rhymed quatrains instead of uneven verses, while still utilizing refrains. It was invented by the 16th-century French poet Clement Marot.

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Roundabout Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Roundabout Poem Type

The roundabout is a twenty-line poem comprised of four quintains. The meter of the poem is iambic, though its length changes from line to line. The poem also features refrains unique to each verse, but its most interesting quality is the way the rhyme scheme comes ‘back around’ to the first end sound.

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Rondelet Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Rondelet Poem Type

The rondelet, not to be confused with the rondel or short rondel, is a seven-line French poem form that utilizes a refrain three times despite its brevity. As a result, the real challenge of the form is often seeing how much the poet can fit within the limited space left behind between the refrains.

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Rondel Supreme Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Rondel Supreme Poem Type

The rondel supreme (or rondel prime) is a variant of the shorter rondel. A rondel supreme is 14 lines, utilizing only two end sounds and a set of refrains that repeats at the end of each of its three verses. The form has been compared to a sonnet and even carries the nickname “the French sonnet.”

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Rondel Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Rondel Poem Type

The rondel is a French verse form typically consisting of 13 octasyllabic lines and multiple refrains, though there are quite a few variants of the form. It is a descendant of the prolific rondeau, another older French form that also had an impressive amount of influence over formal poetry.

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Rispetto Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Rispetto Poem Type

The rispetto is a 15th century Italian verse form based around two rhyming quatrains. It usually has a rhyme scheme of abab ccdd, though the second verse can vary a bit. The most defining feature of the rispetto is that it is always a poem expressing respect. In fact the name, rispetto, literally means “respect.”

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Rionnaird Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Rionnaird Poem Type

The rionnaird is an ancient Irish verse form consisting of quatrains. The poem form is technically a meter, as the ancient Celtic cultures had a very different concept of meter than we do in modern English. A longer version can be formed by repeating rionnairds back-to-back for as long as the poet would like.

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Rime Couée Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Rime Couée Poem Type

Rime couée is a French stanzaic verse form with six-line stanzas that each have a rhyme scheme of aabccb. The third and sixth lines are hexasyllabic while the rest of the lines are octasyllabic. This, paired with the rhyme scheme, puts a unique emphasis on the middle and end of each verse.

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