Schuttelreim Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Schuttelreim Poem Type

Schuttelreim is primarily considered a German poetic device, but as of the 19th century there have been couplets specifically centered around it. A schuttelreim involves taking the last two words of a line and swapping the initial consonant sounds, ending up with a new phrase for the next line.

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Stornello Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Stornello Poem Type

The stornello is an Italian verse form dating back to at least the 15th century. The most common modern interpretations list it as a tercet form in which all three lines rhyme, with hendecasyllabic lines. There are other interpretations of the form from older time periods, including a couplet form still seen in Sicily today.

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Somonka Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Somonka Poem Type

The somonka is a type of Japanese poem that actually consists of two shorter poems called tanka, a brief 31-syllable form, with somonka usually being exchanged by lovers or between two poets. Generally speaking, the first tanka is a love poem to the second person and the second tanka is the lover’s response.

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Soledad Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Soledad Poem Type

Soledad is a minor verse form from Spain consisting of just three lines, though longer versions utilizing multiple tercets can be written. Each line of the poem will be eight syllables and each verse will have an internal axa rhyme scheme, in which ‘x’ represents an unrhymed syllable.

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Skeltonic Verse Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Skeltonic Verse Poem Type

Invented by 19th-century poet John Skelton, Skeltonic verse is a verse form that uses short lines and extensive monorhyme to create a unique rambling effect that makes the poem feel like it’s tumbling down the page. This led to another modern nickname for the form: “Tumbling verse.”

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Sicilian Octave Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Sicilian Octave Poem Type

The Sicilian Octave is an Italian offshoot of the older strambotto. It consists of eight lines with an alternating rhyme scheme (ABABABAB), traditionally with hendecasyllabic verse. English adaptations of the form commonly use iambic pentameter instead. The form’s popularity has waned since its introduction.

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Sijo Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Sijo Poem Type

The sijo is an old Korean verse form that has roots as far back as the Goryeo era (around the 14th century). Modern interpretations describe a 42-48 line poem divided up into three lines, with a caesura on each line. Older interpretations are far more strict, encompassing a very specific arrangement of syllables.

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Séadna Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Séadna Poem Type

The séadna is a type of Irish verse written in quatrains. The lines have alternating lengths and there are various rules regarding the rhymes and syllable counts of the poem. Techniques common in Gaelic poetry, such as dunadh (a special type of refrain) and cywddydd (harmony of sound), are typically used.

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Shadorma Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Shadorma Poem Type

The shadorma is a poem written as a sestet with a 3/3/5/3/7/5 syllable structure. It is supposedly an old Spanish form, though I’ve yet to see any hard evidence of its origins. Nor has anyone else, judging from the sources available. It’s more likely to be a modern response to the haiku’s popularity.

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Rimas Dissolutas Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Rimas Dissolutas Poem Type

Rimas Dissolutas is a troubaderic verse form in which verses rhyme with each other instead of having the lines of each verse rhyme internally. A poem in quatrains would have a rhyme scheme of ABCD ABCD, etc. Lines can be of any length but are generally isosyllabic while verses can be any number of lines.

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Strambotto Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Strambotto Poem Type

The Strambotto is one of the oldest Italian verse forms, predating and inspiring both the Sicilian Octave and the sonnet. There are multiple variants, but they are all either six or eight lines, with hendecasyllabic rhymed lines. English adaptations are sometimes written in iambic pentameter.

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Treochair Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Treochair Poem Type

The treochair is an Irish poem form consisting of three-line stanzas in which both the stresses and syllable counts are traditionally counted. Each verse has a 3-7-7 syllable pattern, with the first and third lines rhyming with each other. The traditional “harmony of sound” that Irish forms pride themselves on is expected.

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Senryu Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Senryu Poem Type

Senryu is a type of short Japanese poetry that is structurally similar to the haiku but focuses more on human nature than the seasons. More specifically, senryu is usually focused on the comedic aspects of humanity, with a special focus on irony, wit, and everyday situations.

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Seguidilla Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Seguidilla Poem Type

The seguidilla is a Spanish verse form that branched off from a category of folk songs that go by the same name. This poem form consists entirely of seven-line verses that typically utilize assonance instead of true rhyme, leading to a subtle but noticeable rhythm that hints at the form’s musical origins.

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Roundel Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Roundel Poem Type

The roundel introduced by Algernon Charles Swinburne is an English variation of the French rondeau, joining a lengthy list of the form’s descendants. In practice, it’s essentially a shortened version of the rondeau, retaining the traditional refrains and two-sound rhyme scheme.

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Vocabularycleft Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Vocabularycleft Poem Type

Vocabularycleft poems are a type of found poetry proposed by Howard Bergerson in 1969. They’re made by scrambling the words from a preexisting poem into a list and then using them to create a new poem. Functionally, they’re similar in nature to a collage. The form’s main exposure was in issues of Word Ways.

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