Snam Suad Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Snam Suad Poem Type

The snam suad is an eight-line Irish poem form with an aabcdddc rhyme scheme. It has exactly 24 syllables (three per line) and generally attempts to follow Irish traditions such as cywddydd (harmony of sound) and the inclusion of dunadh (a type of refrain).

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Toddaid Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Toddaid Poem Type

The toddaid is one of the 24 codified Welsh meters. This particular poem form consists of uneven couplets with lines of ten and nine syllables, featuring unusual rhyme schemes that utilize a technique called gair cyrch, ultimately resulting in staggered rhymes that feel exotic to English readers and writers.

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Viator Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Viator Poem Type

The viator is a refrain-based poem type created by the Canadian poet Robin Skelton. It uses a refrain on the first line that becomes the second line of the second stanza, the third line of the third, and so on. The poem ends on the refrain, such that the number of lines per verse and number of verses per poem is equal.

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Virelai Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Virelai Poem Type

Virelai is one of the three formes fixes and is a type of formal poem from medieval France. It thrives on short lines, a focus on rhyme, and is written entirely in nonets (nine-line verses). Note that the song and poem forms are related but slightly different.

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Bucolic Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Bucolic Poem Type

Bucolic poems, depending on perspective, are either a subcategory of pastoral poems OR a synonym for pastoral. (It’s a bit of a gray area.) The most noteworthy examples of bucolic verse tend to idealize rural living as an aesthetic rather than as a lifestyle, with more appeal for the upper class.

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Tripadi Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Tripadi Poem Type

The Tripadi is a verse form from the Bangladesh region of India, dating back to roughly the 10th century. The form is usually written in tercets, with either an 8-8-10 syllable structure or a less common 6-6-8 structure. The first two lines of each tercet are expected to rhyme.

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Than-Bauk Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Than-Bauk Poem Type

The Than-Bauk is a Burmese tercet utilizing climbing rhyme. It consists of three tetrasyllabic lines with a single rhyme that starts on the last syllable of the first line, then on the third syllable of the second line, and finally on the second syllable of the last line. Than-Bauks are usually witty or humorous.

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Trimeric Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Trimeric Poem Type

The trimeric is a product of the digital age and can be traced back to Dr. Charles A. Stone (which seems to be a pseudonym). It’s a short poem with just thirteen lines in a 4/3/3/3 pattern. Most of the lines in the initial quatrain become refrains in the tercets, with only the first line of the poem being unrepeated.

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Trenta-Sei Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Trenta-Sei Poem Type

The trenta-sei is a fairly young poetic form from 20th-century poet John Ciardi. It consists of six heroic sestets (verses featuring both a Sicilian quatrain and heroic couplet). It also utilizes cascading refrains that are all established in the first verse. This form is unusually complex for its region and era.

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Schuttelreim Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Schuttelreim Poem Type

Schuttelreim is primarily considered a German poetic device, but as of the 19th century there have been couplets specifically centered around it. A schuttelreim involves taking the last two words of a line and swapping the initial consonant sounds, ending up with a new phrase for the next line.

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Stornello Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Stornello Poem Type

The stornello is an Italian verse form dating back to at least the 15th century. The most common modern interpretations list it as a tercet form in which all three lines rhyme, with hendecasyllabic lines. There are other interpretations of the form from older time periods, including a couplet form still seen in Sicily today.

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Somonka Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Somonka Poem Type

The somonka is a type of Japanese poem that actually consists of two shorter poems called tanka, a brief 31-syllable form, with somonka usually being exchanged by lovers or between two poets. Generally speaking, the first tanka is a love poem to the second person and the second tanka is the lover’s response.

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Soledad Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Soledad Poem Type

Soledad is a minor verse form from Spain consisting of just three lines, though longer versions utilizing multiple tercets can be written. Each line of the poem will be eight syllables and each verse will have an internal axa rhyme scheme, in which ‘x’ represents an unrhymed syllable.

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Skeltonic Verse Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Skeltonic Verse Poem Type

Invented by 19th-century poet John Skelton, Skeltonic verse is a verse form that uses short lines and extensive monorhyme to create a unique rambling effect that makes the poem feel like it’s tumbling down the page. This led to another modern nickname for the form: “Tumbling verse.”

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Sicilian Octave Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Sicilian Octave Poem Type

The Sicilian Octave is an Italian offshoot of the older strambotto. It consists of eight lines with an alternating rhyme scheme (ABABABAB), traditionally with hendecasyllabic verse. English adaptations of the form commonly use iambic pentameter instead. The form’s popularity has waned since its introduction.

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Sijo Poem Type (Simply Explained & Examples)

Sijo Poem Type

The sijo is an old Korean verse form that has roots as far back as the Goryeo era (around the 14th century). Modern interpretations describe a 42-48 line poem divided up into three lines, with a caesura on each line. Older interpretations are far more strict, encompassing a very specific arrangement of syllables.

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